Talk by Dr. Stella Zucchetti Schons
Event Start Date: November 17, 2017 2:00 PM
Event End Date: November 17, 2017 3:00 PM
Smallholder Land Clearing and the Forest Code in the Brazilian Amazon
November 17 | 2:00 PM
Max Room Occupancy: 25 People
Deforestation by small landholders in the Brazilian Amazon has been persistent despite the steep reduction in the overall annual deforestation area since 2004. I investigate smallholder land clearing and the incentives to comply versus not to comply with environmental legislation, allowing for selection into compliance or noncompliance due to unobserved perceptions of Forest Code enforcement. The dynamic land clearing model presented is empirically tested through an endogenous switching regressions method applied to data collected from households in the Transamazon-BR163 region between 2003 and 2014, when Forest Code enforcement supposedly increased. I show that smallholder compliance and noncompliance preferences lead to a selection problem that must be addressed in any land clearing behavior examination. I find that greater marginalization, longer land tenure and transitions to cattle grazing, but not agricultural rents, are major contributors to forest clearance and incentives not to comply with the Forest Code.
Dr. Stella Zucchetti Schons is an Assistant Professor in International Forest Economics and Management at the Department of Forests and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA. Dr. Schons’ talk will be followed by an open meeting to discuss the potential for future UF collaboration with faculty and graduate students from Virginia Tech and from the Federal Rural University of Amazonia-Paragominas, represented by Prof. César Tenório (UF visitor this semester). All are welcome to attend the talk and the meeting to learn more about the opportunity to collaborate with Amazonian communities.